A Brief Description of The Different Types of Therapy Available
TYPES OF THERAPY.
All current Talking Therapies have their roots firmly based in the main historical Schools of Psychological Thought, principally Behaviourism, Humanism and Psychodynamic theory, however, modern day therapies are very highly developed and hybrid forms of these original parent disciplines.
Below is a very short summary of the Talking Therapies Generally available today:-
- Psychoanalysis – Based on original Freudian ideas to uncover the unconscious conflicts (often from Childhood) responsible for a person’s problems, looking deeply into the past for answers and possible solutions. Use of dream analysis and other techniques.
- Transactional Analysis – A similarity to the Psychoanalytical approach in that time may be spent looking into a client’s past experiences but profoundly different from that point on in.’Transactional Analysis is a theory of personality and a systematic psychotherapy for personal growth and personal change’ (ITAA). It focuses upon internal (intrapsychic) processes, and also interpersonal relationships, It offers a wide range of theories and techniques that can be used by individuals and groups to enable and help themselves and others to grow and develop to their full potential.
- Cognitive/Behavioural Therapies- Includes CBT (Cognitive Behavioural Therapy) and REBT (Rational Emotive Behavioural Therapy) and other behavioural approaches that set out to correct a client’s faulty patterns of thinking in given situations and deals more in the practical here and now rather than probing a client’s past too deeply.
- Person Centred Approach’s
A less directional and more dialogue related therapy where sessions are often seen as a less structured and more conversational approach, though skilled therapists can introduce direction and suggestion into the process. The Therapist will assist you in making decisions about your present and future situations.
- Gestalt Therapy
Looks at the whole person and uses self-awareness as a basis for achieving a feeling of being a whole person rather than feeling fragmented and with something missing in your life. Active role playing and exaggeration of emotions is also encouraged, unlike the person centred approach mentioned previously
- Integrative Counselling
Integrative Counsellors use techniques from all of the listed therapies to suit an individual’s needs, in many ways all therapists use other disciplines on occasion but Integrative practitioners use this approach routinely without following one of the traditional approaches.
- Group Therapy
As the name suggests this is treatment of clients in groups rather that one to one and benefits from members of the group supporting each other. The therapist can also learn a lot from how individuals react in a group situation. All the above forms of therapy work in a group situation, though some better that others it has to be said.
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